Ph.D. in Business Administration, University of Washington, 1990.
M.A. in Economics, University of Washington, 1988.
M.B.A., University of San Francisco, 1985.
B.E. in International Trade, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China, 1983.
Ph.D. Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania 1991
MA Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania 1989
BA Dartmouth College. Psychology with High Honors, Degree Cum Laude, 1984