Doctor of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania, 1999
Master of Arts in Management, University of Pennsylvania, 1996
Master of Business Administration, Brigham Young University, 1994
Management and Entrepreneurship
Strategic Management and International Business
Ph.D. in Business Administration, University of Washington, 1990.
M.A. in Economics, University of Washington, 1988.
M.B.A., University of San Francisco, 1985.
B.E. in International Trade, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China, 1983.